What Is Touch Typing? The Hidden Benefits

Last Updated: September 18, 2023By
Man typing on white keyboard on desk

Ever watch someone’s fingers dance effortlessly across a keyboard, creating sentences as fast as thoughts can form, all without a single glance at the keys? That’s the mesmerizing skill of a touch typist. Unlike traditional methods of typing that rely heavily on visual cues, touch typing transforms typing into an almost instinctive, automatic process.

This capability can significantly elevate one’s efficiency and relationship with digital technology.

Defining Touch Typing

The world of typing is vast and varied, but among its different forms, touch typing stands out as a skill that combines speed with precision.

What is Touch Typing?

Touch typing is a method of typing where the typist utilizes all ten fingers and types without having to look at the keyboard. Unlike the hunt-and-peck method, where typists often use just two fingers and constantly shift their gaze between the screen and keyboard, touch typing allows for a fluid, uninterrupted flow of typing.

Historical Context of Touch Typing

The concept of touch typing dates back to the late 19th century, coinciding with the invention of the typewriter. Initially, the qwerty layout was designed to prevent jamming in early mechanical typewriters.

However, as the technology evolved, so did the techniques for using it. Touch typing emerged as a more efficient approach, particularly for professionals like secretaries and writers, who needed to type quickly and accurately for extended periods.

The Role of Muscle Memory in Touch Typing

One of the critical components of touch typing is muscle memory. Muscle memory refers to the psychological phenomenon where specific motor skills become automatic after sufficient repetition.

In the context of touch typing, muscle memory allows a typist to know instinctively where each key is located. This means that the fingers move autonomously to the right keys without requiring the typist to think actively about each stroke.

Over time, this contributes to increased speed and a significant reduction in errors.

The Core Principles of Touch Typing

To excel in the craft of touch typing, one must grasp its foundational elements. Knowing where to place your fingers, how to move them, and why each aspect matters can dramatically improve your typing experience.

The Importance of the Home Row

In touch typing, the home row serves as the starting point for your fingers. Located in the middle row of the keyboard, the home row consists of the keys ‘A’, ‘S’, ‘D’, ‘F’ for the left hand and ‘J’, ‘K’, ‘L’, ‘;’, for the right hand.

Your fingers return to these keys after striking other keys, offering a reference point that allows for quick and precise typing.

Hand Positioning and Ergonomics

Proper hand positioning goes beyond mere placement on the home row; it includes wrist and arm alignment. The wrists should be neutral or slightly elevated, ensuring that you’re not putting undue strain on them.

Likewise, the arms should be at a 90-degree angle to the keyboard. This ergonomic approach minimizes fatigue and increases typing endurance, which is essential for those who type for extended periods.

Key Placement and Alignment

The layout of keys on a standard qwerty keyboard has been optimized over the years to facilitate ease of use and speed. Characters that are commonly used together are often located close to each other.

Understanding this layout enhances your efficiency and enables more natural hand movements.

Finger Mapping for Efficiency

In touch typing, each finger is responsible for striking specific keys. For instance, the left index finger is usually responsible for hitting the ‘F’, ‘R’, ‘T’, ‘G’, ‘V’, and ‘B’ keys, while the right index finger will often strike the ‘J’, ‘U’, ‘Y’, ‘H’, ‘N’, and ‘M’ keys. 

Learning the map of which finger strikes which key is crucial for speed and accuracy.

Skills and Techniques Employed by a Touch Typist

Becoming proficient in touch typing isn’t merely a matter of knowing where the keys are or how to position your hands. There’s a broader set of skills and techniques that proficient touch typists use to elevate their typing to an art form.

The Primacy of Accuracy Over Speed

Many novices make the mistake of prioritizing speed over accuracy when learning touch typing. However, building a solid foundation of accuracy is essential for future speed.

By focusing on correct key strikes, you minimize the need for corrections, which can slow you down in the long run. The speed will come naturally as your accuracy improves.

Techniques for Boosting Speed

Once a sufficient level of accuracy is attained, several techniques can help you increase your typing speed. One commonly used method is progressive overload, where you gradually increase the complexity and speed of the texts you are practicing with. 

Another method involves timed exercises, where you attempt to achieve a certain words-per-minute (WPM) rate within a specific timeframe, gradually pushing your limits.

Focus and Mental Endurance

Maintaining attention during long typing sessions is a challenge many touch typists face. Techniques like the Pomodoro Technique—which involves breaking work into intervals, traditionally 25 minutes in length, separated by short breaks—are often employed to sustain focus.

These breaks offer an opportunity to rest the eyes, stretch the muscles, and briefly divert the mind, allowing for more prolonged periods of effective work.

Minimizing Fatigue Through Technique

Typing for extended periods can be physically taxing, leading to fatigue and even injury if not managed well. Touch typists often use techniques such as dynamic stretching and ergonomic adjustments to reduce the risk of muscle strain and repetitive stress injuries.

Keeping a relaxed posture and avoiding unnecessary key strikes are also beneficial in minimizing physical fatigue.

Advantages of Being a Touch Typist

Man typing on silver macbook

Becoming a proficient touch typist offers a multitude of benefits that go beyond the mere act of typing. From improved productivity to career prospects, the advantages are tangible and often immediately noticeable.

Increased Productivity

One of the most compelling benefits of touch typing is the sheer speed it offers, which naturally results in increased productivity. A skilled touch typist can reach speeds of up to 80 to 100 words per minute, compared to the 30 to 40 words per minute typically achieved by a two-finger typist.

This ability to type swiftly allows for more efficient use of time, enabling one to complete tasks much faster.

Enhanced Multitasking Capabilities

When you don’t need to constantly shift your eyes between the keyboard and the screen, multitasking becomes easier. You can listen to a conference call, think critically about the content you’re typing, or even engage in a verbal conversation, all while your fingers instinctively find the right keys.

This frees up mental resources for other tasks, thereby enhancing your multitasking capabilities.

Professional Upsides

In many modern workplaces, typing is a fundamental skill. Touch typing can provide a distinct edge in various career paths.

From administrative roles to coding and data entry, the value of being able to type quickly and accurately is highly recognized. Employers often consider it a valuable asset, potentially giving you a leg up during job evaluations or promotional considerations.

Reduced Risk of Health Issues

As previously mentioned, touch typing involves ergonomic principles that can contribute to better posture and less muscle strain. By maintaining proper hand positioning and making use of all ten fingers, touch typists often experience fewer health issues like carpal tunnel syndrome or repetitive strain injuries compared to those who do not touch type.

Boosts in Cognitive Function

Interestingly, mastering the skill of touch typing has been associated with cognitive benefits as well. The coordination required to use all ten fingers in a fluid motion engages the brain in ways that may enhance other cognitive functions, such as memory retention and attention to detail.

How to Become a Touch Typist

Embarking on the journey to become a touch typist is both challenging and rewarding. Learning the art of touch typing not only improves your efficiency but also transforms your interaction with the digital world.

Starting with the Basics

It’s essential to begin with a strong foundation in the fundamentals. That means getting comfortable with the home row, understanding key placement, and learning the basics of proper hand positioning.

Many online tutorials and software can guide you through this initial phase, providing interactive exercises to get you acquainted with touch typing essentials.

Consistent Practice

The importance of consistent practice cannot be overstated. Plan to devote a certain amount of time each day to practice, even if it’s just 15 to 20 minutes.

This daily commitment helps reinforce muscle memory and allows you to gradually build speed and accuracy. It’s less about how long you practice and more about how consistently you do it.

Monitoring Progress

Keeping track of your progress is crucial for motivation and adjustment. Many touch typing programs come with analytics that help you understand your strengths and weaknesses.

They measure metrics like words per minute (WPM) and accuracy rate, giving you tangible data to work towards improving.

Seeking Feedback and Adjusting

Sometimes you might hit a plateau or find that certain bad habits are hard to shake. In such cases, it’s helpful to seek expert advice or feedback.

This could come from online communities, instructors, or even advanced software that provides detailed feedback on your technique. Use this information to make necessary adjustments to your practice routine.

Incorporating Real-world Scenarios

Finally, applying what you’ve learned in real-world scenarios helps solidify your skills. Whether it’s writing emails, coding, or crafting long documents, using your touch typing skills in practical settings can help you gauge how far you’ve come and what areas might still need improvement.


Mastering touch typing elevates your interaction with the digital world, offering not just speed but also a significant increase in overall productivity. From the essential foundation laid by understanding the home row and key placements, to advanced skills and techniques for focus and minimizing fatigue, touch typing is a multifaceted discipline.

The road to proficiency involves not only learning but also consistent practice, meticulous monitoring, and real-world application. By internalizing these elements, you transcend from being just a computer user to becoming a more efficient and effective digital artisan.